Merav Michaeli for the Jewish News February 2021
The feminist mantra of “still, she persisted”, might have been coined for the new leader of the Israeli Labour Party — its 10th leader in the last 20 years.
For despite repeatedly being told that “it can’t be done”, Merav Michaeli is determined to re-shape her party and do her utmost to revive its fortunes. Perhaps it is not yet realistic to say that she can return Labour to the powerhouse it was from the creation of the state — but she certainly approaches the March 23 elections with the ambition to improve Labour’s numbers, which in the last Knesset stood at a lamentable three people.
Labour was pretty much written off by the Israeli political world, and Michaeli is unsurprised by that. The blunt-speaking former television journalist and commentator is in no doubt that Labour lost its natural voter base, disenchanted with Labour politicians who said one thing and did another.
“Not lying to the public is a mandatory requirement to begin with,” Michaeli says, laughing slightly. “People know that I will not lie to them, I won’t deceive them or steal their votes. This is a really big change: it’s as if people have stopped expecting this from leaders.” One of her predecessors, Amir Peretz, went so far as to shave off his trademark moustache so he could tell people “read my lips, I will not sit with Netanyahu”, before going on to do precisely that.
In fact, Michaeli became Labour leader just weeks ago — voted in by 77 per cent of the party members — because she was the only one of Labour’s three remaining Knesset members who refused to serve in a coalition led by Mr Netanyahu. So her determination to back her instinct and not flip-flop for political preferment stood her in good stead.
Now she faces an uphill task, both of restructuring Labour and of deciding who she will and will not sit with in the next Knesset line-up. Political number crunchers in Israel make daily calculations as to who will comprise a centre-left bloc, and who the allies are. A canny Michaeli is not ruling anyone — except Netanyahu — in or out. Her ambition is to raise the largest number of Labour seats so that she will have more choice; and, she says cheerfully: “I have very good relations with everyone, I speak to everyone”. That includes members of strictly Orthodox parties and even Gideon Sa’ar’s New Hope party, built as a right-wing opposition to Netanyahu.
Labour’s most obvious ally is the left-of-centre Meretz. But, asked about a potential alliance with Yair Lapid’s Yesh Atid, Michaeli is amused: “It’s very clear that Yair Lapid’s interest is that Labour will be small — and it’s my interest and the Israeli public’s interest that Labour will be as big as possible. So it’s like walking on eggs, at the moment.”
As Israel emerges from the coronavirus crisis, Michaeli says, the vision of Labour values is vital. “It speaks abut social democracy and about equality and about investing in society. In my case, it is about a feminist social democracy with a strong emphasis on changing the system so it will allow equality of opportunity for women. I bring a new discourse in terms of bringing Israeli society back together again and not the divisive way it’s grown so accustomed to under Netanyahu for so many years. He thrives on dividing society and escalating things, one against the other”.
Labour’s view, she says, “is about going back to thinking about the common good, the concept of seeing each other not only as part of a sector… it’s a discourse which I have insisted on for some time, but now people are more open to listen to it.”
For Michaeli, there are a number of domestic and international policies on her agenda. “Domestically, we need to invest a lot in social services, invest in Israeli society, particularly the weaker parts. A lot of investment in health, education, welfare, changing the whole concept of privatising. Changing the work world: we have 800,000 unemployed people, 70 per cent of whom are women, which is just unbelievable”.
She also is determined to pursue the solving of the Israeli Palestinian conflict — “of profound Israeli interest. It is necessary for the security and sustainability of Israel. We need to figure out a way of resolving it.” Michaeli is heartened by the presence of the Gulf countries who have signed deals with Israel under the Abraham Accords; many Arab countries, she says acidly, have been waiting to hear from Israel since 2002 since the Arab League peace initiative. Labour supports a regional negotiation which concludes with a two-state solution for Israel and the Palestinians.
Her party also supports the new Biden administration in upgrading a renewed agreement on Iran. “Ever since Netanyahu started his justified campaign against the Iranian nuclear project, he has failed, because Iran is closer to a nuclear bomb than it has been, and is also closer to our borders in the north than it was when he began campaigning against it”. Labour would back a new agreement which ultimately she hopes “would make the world a safer place”.
Merav Michaeli’s calling-card comes with two unique attachments: her grandfather, and her feminism. She is the grand-daughter of the controversial Hungarian Jew, Rudolf Kasztner, who was assassinated in Israel in March 1957 after a complex libel trial over his wartime actions. Kasztner had negotiated with Nazi leaders in order to secure safe passage out of Hungary for 1700 Jews, who left on a train to Switzerland.
Kasztner was a candidate for the Knesset on behalf of Mapai, which merged with Avoda in the late 1960s to become today’s Israeli Labour Party. For Michaeli, the main lesson she draws from her grandfather’s legacy is “not to be a victim. I see how he managed — even in a place where the role of the ultimate victim was written for him, the Jew versus the ultimate exterminator. He managed, in an extremely subversive and sophisticated way, not to be a victim and to take responsibility for his community. It’s not so much about the outcome — it’s more about you should always ‘do’, and never accept what others are dictating”.
As for Michaeli’s feminism, no-one hearing her speak in Israel can be in any doubt. In 2001 she decided to change the way she used Hebrew, which is a strictly genderised language. Nouns are either masculine or feminine and take verb endings to match. Michaeli began using feminine plurals while she was temporarily off the nation’s TV and radio, between 2001 and 2003. “It was a huge change to make and very difficult to acquire”, she says. “When I got back on TV I was accustomed to it and it really blew up, people asked what I was saying. But now I use both. Hebrew forces you to say I [male] go or I [female] go. You can’t say ‘doctors’ neutrally: you have to say male doctors or female doctors.
“When I was elected to the Knesset there was a whole discussion about how I would speak. But it has changed the norm: people use both forms today, they will say [male] citizens and [female] citizens.
“Just yesterday we saw that in one of the courses in the army. the badge symbol for graduates of the course was a man’s image. But since more women have graduated from this course, the army have changed the symbol [to a woman’s image] on the badge. And what’s more, they say that if the situation about graduates returns to more men than women, the symbol will remain a woman. So there are so many effects in so many places. Using the feminine form in language was like a stone I was privileged to throw in the water — and it has had such an overwhelming impact.”
Michaeli, presumably, is hoping for a similar ripple effect in the upcoming elections.